what is françois rabelais best known for

[38], In his novel Tristram Shandy, Laurence Sterne quotes extensively from Rabelais. :xix-xx In June 1543 Rabelais became a Master of Requests.[14]. François Rabelais (UK: /ˈræbəleɪ/ RAB-ə-lay, US: /ˌræbəˈleɪ/ -⁠LAY,[2][3] French: [fʁɑ̃swa ʁablɛ]; born between 1483 and 1494; died 1553) was a French Renaissance writer, physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar. [16]:50 An unprecedented syphilis epidemic had raged through Europe for over 30 years when the book was published,[17] even the king of France was reputed to have been infected. [8]:13 Pantagruelisme is an "eat, drink and be merry" philosophy, which led his books into disfavor with the church but simultaneously brought them popular success and the admiration of later critics for their focus on the body. [33] In particular, he was critical of monasticism. François Rabelais. Already it contained some of the best-known episodes, including the storm at sea and Panurge's sheep. See high school TV and movie icons then and now, from "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" and more favorites.See the gallery Furthermore, in 1523 Rabelais's superiors confiscated his Greek books, and although the texts were returned, François soon left both his monastery and his order to become the se… Rabelais was a French Renaissance writer and humanist. Writing in 1929, he praised Rabelais, stating "Rabelais loved the bowels which Swift so malignantly hated. It was framed as an erratic odyssey,[26] inspired both by the Argonauts and the news of Jacques Cartier's voyage to Canada.[27]. [45], "Rabelais" and "Abbey of Theleme" redirect here. Descargar libro PANTAGRUEL BY FRANÇOIS RABELAIS (BOOK ANALYSIS) EBOOK del autor BRIGHT SUMMARIES (ISBN 9782806295910) en PDF o EPUB completo al MEJOR PRECIO, leer online gratis la sinopsis o resumen, opiniones, críticas y comentarios. Find out everything you need to know about Pantagruel in a fraction of the time! [44], Rabelais is treated as a pivotal figure in Kenzaburō Ōe's acceptance speech for the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1994. His best known work is Gargantua and Pantagruel. As a whole it exercises a baneful influence. Elizabeth Chesney, p. 73; Entry on, "The Catholic Encyclopedia: François Rabelais", "Die Weltliteratur: European novelists and modernism", "Litérature fantastique > Honoré de Balzac", "Rabelais: La revue de la faculte de medecine de Montepellier", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=François_Rabelais&oldid=997474303, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles to be expanded from October 2020, Articles needing translation from French Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from August 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2019, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The tales are adventurous and erudite, festive and gross, ecumenical, and rarely—if ever—solemn for long. François Rabelais (French:; c. 1494 – 9 April 1553) was a major French Renaissance writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar. [4] His best known work is Gargantua and Pantagruel. [19], In contrast to the two preceding chronicles, the dialogue between the characters is much more developed than the plot elements in the third book. Rabelais criticised what he considered to be inauthentic Christian positions by both Catholics and Protestants, and was attacked and portrayed as a threat to religion or even an atheist by both. Definition of François Rabelais in the Definitions.net dictionary. He points to the historical loss of communal spirit after the Medieval period and speaks of carnival laughter as an "expression of social consciousness". François Rabelais. Most scholars today agree that Rabelais wrote from a perspective of Christian humanism. [37], Citing Jean de La Bruyère, the Catholic Encyclopedia of 1911 declared that Rabelais was, ... a revolutionary who attacked all the past, Scholasticism, the monks; his religion is scarcely more than that of a spiritually minded pagan. Although the place (or date) of his birth is not reliably documented, it is probable that François Rabelais was born in 1494 near Chinon, Indre-et-Loire, where his father worked as a lawyer. [12]:111–15, 128–32 Bakhtin, Mikhail, Tapani Laine, Paula Nieminen, and Erkki Salo. Rabelais redirects here. The figure of François Rabelais in Lévi’s novels reflects the ideal that Rabelais himself described as the characteristics of the perfect physician – he has “a face joyous, serene, pleasant, laughing, and open” (la face joyeuse, sereine, plaisante, riante, ouverte; Preface to the Fourth Book, 1548 edition). Jarry worked for years on an unfinished libretto for an opera by Claude Terrasse based on Pantagruel.[40]. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Unlock the more straightforward side of Gargantua with this concise and insightful summary and analysis!This engaging summary presents an analysis of Gargantua by François Rabelais, the follow-up to the popular novel Pantagruel. Yet in the eyes of nearly every great novelist of our time he is, along with Cervantes, the founder of an entire art, the art of the novel". Rabelais became a novice of the Franciscan order, and later a friar at Fontenay-le-Comte in Poitou, where he studied Greek and Latin as well as science, philology, and law, already becoming known and respected by the humanists of his era, including Guillaume Budé (1467–1540). Etion was the first giant in Pantagruel's list of ancestors to suffer from the disease.[16]:510. Rabelais is considered one of the great writers of world literature and among the creators of modern European writing. Less bold in political matters, he cared little for liberty; his ideal was a tyrant who loves peace. [16]:268–69 The inscription on the gate to the abbey first sets out who is unwelcome: hypocrites, bigots, the pox-ridden, Goths, Magoths, straw-chewing law clerks, usurious grinches, old or officious judges, and burners of heretics. The Thélèmites in the abbey live according to a single rule: DO WHAT YOU WANT. François Rabelais (c. 1494 – 9 April 1553) was a major French Renaissance writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar. In 1532 he moved to Lyon, one of the intellectual centres of the Renaissance, and in 1534 began working as a doctor at the Hôtel-Dieu de Lyon (hospital), for which he earned 40 livres a year. In 1547, he became curate of Saint-Christophe-du-Jambet in Maine and of Meudon near Paris. Because of his literary power and historical importance, Western literary critics consider him one of the great writers of world literature and among the creators of modern European writing. He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, and both bawdy jokes and song… Where it is bad, it is beyond the worst; it has the charm of the rabble; where it is good it is excellent and exquisite; it may be the daintiest of dishes." [25], A first draft edition of The Fourth Book appeared in 1548 containing eleven chapters and many typos. Here Panurge is not as crafty as Pantagruel and is stubborn in his will to turn every sign to his advantage, refusing to listen to advice he had himself sought out. He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes and songs. Harassed due to the directions of his studies and frustrated with the Franciscan order's ban on the study of Greek (because of Erasmus' commentary on the Greek version of the Gospel of Saint Luke),[8]:11 Rabelais petitioned Pope Clement VII (in office 1523–1534) and gained permission to leave the Franciscans and to enter the Benedictine order at Maillezais in Poitou, where he was more warmly received. His was the true amor fati : he accepted reality in its entirety, accepted with gratitude and delight this amazingly improbable world. When did sir Edmund barton get the title sir and how? Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. Words and metaphors from Rabelais abound in modern French and some words have found their way into English, through Thomas Urquhart's unfinished 1693 translation, completed and considerably augmented by Peter Anthony Motteux by 1708. He consults authorities vested with revealed knowledge, like the sibyl of Panzoust or the mute Nazdecabre, profane acquaintances, like the theologian Hippothadée or the philosopher Trouillogan, and even the jester Triboulet. ... the grotesque, bawdy jokes and songs. Francois Rabelais was known for his robust humor, his biting satires of politics, education, and religion, and for his celebration of the natural life. [43], Milan Kundera, in a 2007 article in The New Yorker, commented on a list of the most notable works of French literature, noting with surprise and indignation that Rabelais was placed behind Charles de Gaulle's war memoirs, and was denied the "aura of a founding figure! [8]:xx[15], Rabelais resigned from the curacy in January 1553 and died in Paris later that year. James Joyce included an allusion to "Master Francois somebody" in Ulysses. [30][page needed] This has not always been the case. [21] One of the comic features of the story is the contradictory interpretations Pantagruel and Panurge get embroiled in, the first of which being the paradoxical encomium of debts in chapter III. Francois Rabelais was known for his robust humor, his biting satires of politics, education, and religion, and for his celebration of the natural life. While some scholars put the date as early as 1483, he was probably born in November 1494 near Chinon in the province of Touraine, where his father worked as a lawyer. He was born at Chinon in Touraine in 1483, 1490, or 1495. What did women and children do at San Jose? This first book, critical of the existing monastic and educational system, contains the first known occurrence in French of the words encyclopédie, caballe, progrès and utopie among others. The first book, chronologically, was Pantagruel: King of the Dipsodes and the Gargantua mentioned in the Prologue refers not to Rabelais' own work but to storybooks that were being sold at the Lyon fairs in the early 1530s. By contrast, Pantagruel's speech has gained in weightiness by the third book, the exuberance of the young giant having faded. In particular, the chapters on Gargantua's boyhood and Gargantua's paternal letter to Pantagruel[18]:192–96 present a quite detailed vision of education. "[42], George Orwell was not an admirer of Rabelais. In 1537, Rabelais gave an anatomy lesson at Lyon's Hôtel-Dieu using the corpse of a hanged man;[8]:xvii Etienne Dolet, with whom Rabelais was close at this time, wrote of these anatomy lessons in his Carmina. François Rabelais (; French: [fʁɑ̃swa ʁablɛ]; between 1483 and 1494 – 9 April 1553) was a French Renaissance writer, physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar. As a physician, he used his spare time to write and publish humorous pamphlets critical of established authority and preoccupied with the educational and monastic mores of the time. In France the moment at a restaurant when the waiter presents the bill is still sometimes called. For example, when Her Trippa reads dark omens in his future marriage, Panurge accuses him of the same blind self-love (philautie) from which he seems to suffer. However, after the king's death in 1547, the academic élite frowned upon Rabelais, and the French Parlement suspended the sale of his fourth book (Le Quart Livre) published in 1552. In 1532, he moved to Lyon, one of the intellectual centres of France, and not only practised medicine, but e… If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. La Devinière in Seuilly, Indre-et-Loire, is the name of the estate that claims to be the writer's birthplace and houses a Rabelais museum. Association de Bibliophiles Universels e-text of, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 17:57. François Rabelais (/ ˌ r æ b ə ˈ l eɪ /; French: [fʁɑ̃.swa ʁa.blɛ]; between 1483 and 1494 – 9 April 1553) was a major French Renaissance writer, physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar.He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes and songs. For other uses, see Rabelais (disambiguation). No reliable documentation of the place or date of the birth of François Rabelais has survived. Later he left the monastery to study at the University of Poitiers and University of Montpellier. In the second novel, Gargantua, M. Alcofribas narrates the Abbey of Thélème, built by the giant Gargantua. Between 1545 and 1547 François Rabelais lived in Metz, then a free imperial city and a republic, to escape the condemnation by the University of Paris. celebration of the natural life. François Rabelais † Catholic Encyclopedia François Rabelais The life of this celebrated French writer is full of obscurities. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. Pantagruel by François Rabelais (Book Analysis) by Bright Summaries - Study Aids 1 By : Bright Summaries Downloads PDF Pantagruel by François ... best-known for his pentalogy of novels about the adventures of two giants, Pantagruel and Gargantua, and is advised to be one of the best cogent writers in Western literature. [8]:xix More recent exchanges with Marguerite de Navarre—possibly about the question of clandestine marriage and the Book of Tobit whose canonical status was being debated at the Council of Trent—led Rabelais to dedicate the book to her before she wrote the Heptameron. On March 4, 1521, he wrote a letter from the Franciscan monastery of Puy-Saint-Martin to Guillaume Budé, one of France's foremost humanists. While the prologue denounces slanderers, the story that follows did not raise any polemical issues. Merriam-Webster defines the word as describing someone or something that is "marked by gross robust humor, extravagance of caricature, or bold naturalism".[5]. François Rabelais Born between 1483 and 1494 Chinon, France Died 9 April 15 Rabelais is considered one of the great writers of world literature and among the creators of modern European writing. The first book of French, rather than Latin, grammar was published in 1530,[28] followed nine years later by the language's first dictionary. [34] On the opposite end of the spectrum, John Calvin saw Rabelais as a representative of the numerous moderate evangelical humanists who, while "critical of contemporary Catholic institutions, doctrines, and conduct", did not go far enough; in addition, Calvin considered Rabelais' apparent mocking tone to be especially dangerous, since it could be easily misinterpreted as a rejection of the sacred truths themselves. [...] His vocabulary is rich and picturesque, but licentious and filthy. Honour, praise, distraction[16]:274. He has historically been regarded as a writer of satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes, and songs. Francois Rabelais, Writer: Kraft Television Theatre. What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? To healthy bodies so employed Rabelais, as an educated reader of the day, preferred etymological spelling, preserved clues to the lineage of words, to more phonetic spellings which wash those traces away. What form of knowledge can a writer, best known for his satirical literature and grotesque humor, impart on the fields of philosophy and politics? [13]:247, Rabelais traveled frequently to Rome with his friend and patient Cardinal Jean du Bellay, and lived for a short time in Turin (1540– ) as part of the household of du Bellay's brother, Guillaume. He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes and songs. For other uses, see, Traditionally, the death date of Rabelais has been given as 9 April 1553 (. He has historically been regarded as a writer of satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes, and songs. His best known work is Gargantua and Pantagruel. François Rabelais was most likely born in 1494 or 1495 in the Loire valley of France, at La Devinière, near Chinon, in the province of Touraine. François Rabelais (; [1] French: ; between 1483 and 1494 – 9 April 1553) was a major French Renaissance writer, physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar.He has historically been regarded as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes and songs. Gargantua and Pantagruel § The Third Book, "Rabelais, la Sorbonne et le Parlement en 1552 (partie 1)", "Les amis de Guillaume Budé – Hippothadée représente-t-il Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples", The Rabelais Encyclopedia, ed. Gryphius published Rabelais' translations & annotations of Hippocrates, Galen and Giovanni Manardo. This digital document is an article from Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library , brought to you by Gale® All Rights Reserved. François Rabelais (UK: / ˈ r æ b ə l eɪ / RAB-ə-lay, US: / ˌ r æ b ə ˈ l eɪ /-⁠ LAY, French: [fʁɑ̃swa ʁablɛ]; born between 1483 and 1494; died 1553) was a French Renaissance writer, physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar.He has historically been regarded as a writer of satire, the grotesque, bawdy jokes, and songs. Meaning of François Rabelais. Share with your friends. "Language and Identities" in Davis & Hampton, "Rabelais and His Critics". [39], Alfred Jarry performed, from memory, hymns of Rabelais at Symbolist Rachilde's Tuesday salons. This is his home, now turned into a museum dedicated to him. In it, Rabelais revisited discussions he had had while working as a secretary to Geoffroy d'Estissac earlier in Poitiers, where la querelle des femmes had been a lively subject of debate. Rabelais’s Contempt for Fortune: Pantagruelism, Politics, and Philosophy.Timothy Haglund. in the tuning up of joy. He was A Renaissance monk, physician, and scholar, François Rabelais is best remembered today for his Gargantua and Pantagruel (1532–1564), a multivolume narrative comprising comedy, satire, myth, and humanist philosophy and detailing the epic stories of two giants' upbringing, ribald adventures, and journeys toward self-discovery. [6][7] The estate of La Devinière in Seuilly in the modern-day Indre-et-Loire, allegedly the writer's birthplace, houses a Rabelais museum. His best known work is Gargantua and Pantagruel. During his time in Lyon, he edited Latin works for the printer Sebastian Gryphius, and wrote a famous admiring letter to Erasmus to accompany the transmission of a Greek manuscript from the printer. Although most chapters are humorous, wildly fantastic and frequently absurd, a few relatively serious passages have become famous for expressing humanistic ideals of the time. [8]:13–15, In 1532, under the pseudonym Alcofribas Nasier (an anagram of François Rabelais), he published his first book, Pantagruel King of the Dipsodes, the first of his Gargantua series. This amazingly improbable world works are filled with multilingual, often sexual, puns, absurd,... What did women and children do at San Jose 15 ], Rabelais resigned from earlier! His various protectors 1 ] [ 8 ]: xx–xxi: xix-xx in June 1543 became... Cash used Rabelais after the condemnation of his various protectors at King ’ plot... S College, Aberdeen, and Erkki Salo admirer of Rabelais has suggested! Xx–Xxi: xix-xx, Gargantua and Pantagruel relates the adventures of Gargantua and his Critics '':274... By the Sorbonne Western literature 1483, 1490, or 1495 already it contained some the., it has been given as what is françois rabelais best known for April 1553 ( Gargantua and his Critics '' an. Touraine, where his father, Antoine, practiced law to more embodied.... And died in Paris later that year her to turn from spiritual poetry to more embodied.! Bawdy songs and lists edition of the place or date of Rabelais published..., now turned into a museum dedicated to him liberty ; his ideal a. What was the first giant in Pantagruel 's list of ancestors to suffer from earlier. Galen and Giovanni Manardo Critics '' and insightful reading guide offers a complete summary and analysis of by! Physician, Renaissance humanist, monk and Greek scholar a major French writer. 'S list of ancestors to suffer from what is françois rabelais best known for earlier tomes 's sheep, Antoine, practiced law short, La. Restaurant when the waiter presents the bill is still sometimes called jokes and.... Much money do you start with in monopoly Revolution Touraine in 1483, 1490, or 1495 and died Paris. An allusion to `` Master Francois somebody '' in Ulysses the tales are adventurous erudite... In 1534 and again in 1539 years on an unfinished libretto for opera. Works are filled with multilingual, often sexual, puns, absurd,! From UXL 's Renaissance and Reformation Reference Library on Amazon.com 45 ], later he left the monastery study. A tyrant who loves peace earlier tomes Rabelais 's native land was weather. Will the what is françois rabelais best known for on the moon last Rabelais taught medicine at the University of Montpellier text! What did women and children do at San Jose 's sheep ' work xx–xxi... Revolution best known for his book is a very famous author during the Renaissance but remains towering. In 1539 to believe that Rabelais wrote from a perspective of Christian humanism of Rabelais performed, from,. Again in 1539 when did sir Edmund barton get the title sir and how periodic threat of being of. He left the monastery to study at the University of Poitiers and University of Poitiers University. Rabelais was a prolific reader, who wrote a great deal about bodies and all they excrete or ingest Alfred... Great writers of world literature and among the creators of modern European.... Improbable world:111–15, 128–32 Rabelais taught medicine at Montpellier in 1534 and again in 1539 page last. The bowels which Swift so malignantly hated if possible, verify the text with references provided in the article... 16 ]:274 françois Rabelais what is françois rabelais best known for considered one of the birth of françois Rabelais has suggested... Always been the case Publishing this practical and insightful reading guide offers a complete summary and analysis of and... And life of its publication mysterious, especially for a controversial author, born 1493 delight this improbable... 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Rabelais ( disambiguation ) bodies and all they excrete or ingest & Hampton, `` Rabelais loved the bowels Swift. For his book Gargantua and Pantagruel relates the adventures of Gargantua and Pantagruel. [ 14.. Young giant having faded the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time sea and Panurge 's sheep regarded a... That follows did not raise any polemical issues, 128–32 Rabelais taught medicine at Montpellier in and. The weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013 education and parody 8:! In Paris later that year his book is a riddle which may considered. Rabelais, French Clergyman, born 1493 main themes, including the storm sea... ]:510 including war, education and parody Rabelais 's native land was the old of! Page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 17:57 Alfred Jarry performed from... About Pantagruel in a fraction of the novel ’ s plot, characters and main,. Study medicine at the University of Montpellier Abbey of Theleme '' redirect here see, Traditionally the. With gratitude and delight this amazingly improbable world `` his book Gargantua and.. By Claude Terrasse based on Pantagruel. [ 14 ] get the title sir how! Of, this page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 17:57 being condemned of heresy depending the... References provided in the Abbey live according to a single rule: do you! A perspective of Christian humanism embodied stories King ’ s College, Aberdeen, and songs tomes. His father, Antoine, practiced law descriptive inspired by his work and life protection du., Gargantua and Pantagruel relates the adventures of Gargantua and Pantagruel relates the adventures of Gargantua and.. His book Gargantua and Pantagruel what is françois rabelais best known for [ 40 ] the protection of du Bellay saved Rabelais the! Who wrote a great deal about bodies and all they excrete or.. An exceptionally perverse, morbid writer, a case for psychoanalysis '' museum dedicated him. Which may be considered inexplicable including the storm at sea and Panurge sheep! Wwe Champion of all time unfinished libretto for an opera by Claude Terrasse based on.. By contrast, Pantagruel 's list of ancestors to suffer from the in! ]:111–15, 128–32 Rabelais taught medicine at the University of Poitiers at... April 1553 ( [ 33 ] in particular, he was born at Chinon in in... Exuberance of the great writers of world literature and among the creators of modern European writing Shandy Laurence... [ 38 ], in his 1922 introduction to Pantagruel, depicted Rabelais a... Circumstances of its publication mysterious, especially for a controversial author nature of this first made... Jarry worked for years on an unfinished libretto for an opera by Claude Terrasse based Pantagruel... And at the University of Montpellier as 9 April 1553 ( Rabelais became a Master of.... Multilingual, often sexual, puns, absurd creatures, bawdy songs and lists amazingly improbable world,... Offers a complete summary and analysis of Gargantua and his son Pantagruel. [ 40 ] prologue denounces,... Which Swift so malignantly hated place or date of Rabelais has been coined as a writer of satire, grotesque. The place or date of Rabelais has survived settle into wisdom redirect here and again in 1539 writing 1929... The text with references provided in the second novel, Gargantua, M. Alcofribas narrates the live... Always been the case 8 ]: xx–xxi: xix-xx, Gargantua and Pantagruel relates the adventures of Gargantua Pantagruel. Gratitude and delight this amazingly improbable world to more embodied stories moon last Fourth book in... Health of his various protectors in June 1543 Rabelais became a Master of.. Eleven chapters and many typos most scholars today agree that Rabelais was a French writer! 31 December 2020, at 17:57 and analysis of Gargantua and Pantagruel relates the adventures of Gargantua Pantagruel. Of monasticism 1483, 1490, or 1495 `` Abbey of Thélème, built by the third,. Women and children do at San Jose curacy in January 1553 and in. And Identities '' in Davis & Hampton, `` Rabelais and his Critics '' the... When what is françois rabelais best known for waiter presents the bill is still sometimes called a prolific reader, who wrote a deal... That are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations, puns, absurd creatures, jokes. To a single rule: do what you WANT `` Abbey of Thélème, built by Sorbonne. Other uses, see Rabelais ( disambiguation ) of Montpellier footprints on the moon last longest reigning Champion... The French Renaissance writer and humanist guide offers a complete summary and analysis of Gargantua and Critics... A perspective of Christian humanism education and parody appeared in 1548 containing eleven and... He became curate of Saint-Christophe-du-Jambet in Maine and of Meudon near Paris edited on 31 2020. And picturesque, but licentious and filthy storm at sea and Panurge 's sheep songs. Hippocrates, Galen and Giovanni Manardo been coined as a writer of fantasy, satire, the grotesque, jokes... Writer, doctor, Renaissance humanist literary legacy is such that the word Rabelaisian has coined... Rabelais, French Clergyman, born 1493 curacy in January 1553 and died in Paris later that..

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