History Nick Whitney. River Ganga has significant economic, environmental and cultural value in India. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The Ganga is as a result of Himalayan snow. The rivers’ combined suspended sediment load of about 1.84 billion tons per year is the world’s highest. It is composed of repeated alternations of clays, sands, and marls, with recurring layers of peat, lignite, and beds of what were once forests. Yogesh Kr Ydv says: January 5, 2017 at 4:25 pm . Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. In West Bengal in India, as well as in Bangladesh, the Ganges is locally called the Padma. On Ganga Saptami devotees all over the world worship Mother Ganga and take bath in Ganga river which is considered highly auspicious. Now held every three years, Hindu pilgrims of all social status perform a ritual bathing in the river which is thought to purify body and soul, wash away karma, and bring good fortune. This image of Ganga, the Hindu goddess, shows that the Ganges river is sacred because it comes from the heavens. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The course of the River Ganges. The cities like Rishikesh, Haridwar, Bhagalpur, Allahabad, Patna, Kanpur and Mirzapur etc. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Therefore, Shiva offered to gently lower the goddess in his hair which he did, rather cautiously taking 1,000 years. Arthamulla Aanmeegam. https://www.ancient.eu/Ganges/. The site is also sacred to Jains and Buddhists but it is perhaps most famous as a place of retirement, cremation, and the spreading of ashes upon the sacred river. The goddess is often depicted in Hindu art wearing a white saree and riding a crocodile. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. A cistern positioned above the relief could be filled on special occasions and so water trickled down the sculpture to add some three-dimensional realism to the miracle of the great Ganges arriving on earth. Each country’s portion of the Sundarbans has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage site, India’s in 1987 and Bangladesh’s in 1997. River Ganga Since the dawn of history, The Ganges has held the country’s heart captive and drawn countless millions to her banks. Ganga river history, attached with the most substantial rivers of the South Asian continent. Dhaka (Dacca), the capital of Bangladesh, stands on the Buriganga (“Old Ganges”), a tributary of the Dhaleswari. Gems of Kerala Destinations Waters from the Ganges are also collected by believers and taken home for use in rituals and as an offering. 13 Ganges river cruises with 10 reviews View Map. 2011 (798292): 1–13. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The southern surface of the Ganges delta has been formed by the rapid and comparatively recent deposition of enormous loads of sediment. River Ganga originates from the Gangotri Glacier, on the southern slopes of the Himalayas, which is 14,000 feet above sea level. This is a tale about the Indian holy river of Gnaga. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In Hindu mythology the Ganges river was created when Vishnu, in his incarnation as the dwarf brahmin, took two steps to cross the universe. In Bangladesh the Ganges is joined by the mighty Brahmaputra (which is called the Jamuna in Bangladesh) near Goalundo Ghat. ALONG THE GANGES: More than 2,000 years ago, a powerful king built a fort on the banks of India’s holiest river, on the fringes of what is now a vast industrial city. Gangotri glacier in the Himalayas of Uttarakhand state, northern India, one of the sources of the Ganges (Ganga) River. She has been a symbol of India's age long culture and civilization, ever changing , ever flowing, and yet ever the same Ganga." Ganges River Cruises 2021. It is religion, industry, farming and politics. Ganges. The great god, gratified by Bhagiratha's piety, agreed for Ganga to descend to earth where she might wash over the ashes of the 60,000, purify them, and permit them to ascend to heaven. Since time immemorial, the Ganga River has been considered the holiest of all rivers by Hindus. Most of the major civilizations have sprung on the banks of the Ganges. It flows 2,700 km from the Himalaya mountains to the Bay of Bengal in northern India and Bangladesh. Her sister was Parvati. Cite This Work Aug 18, 2020. by Altaf Qadri, The Associated Press. The Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers unite at Devaprayag to form the main stream known as the Ganga, which cuts southwestward through the Siwalik Range (Outer Himalayas) at the northern edge of the Indo-Gangetic Plain to emerge from the mountains at Rishikesh. Footbridge across the Ganges (Ganga) River near Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India. Meanwhile, the great mythological king Bhagiratha was concerned to discover that 60,000 of King Sagara's ancestors had been incinerated from the stare of the Vedic sage Kapila. One of the most sacred sites in India is alongside the Ganges at Varanasi. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. During the rains (June to October) the greater part of the region is flooded to a depth of 3 or more feet (at least 1 metre), leaving the villages and homesteads, which are built on artificially raised land, isolated above the floodwaters. "Megacities as Sources for Pathogenic Bacteria in Rivers and Their Fate Downstream" (PDF). Pawan Kumar April 5, 2019. Beginning in the Himalaya it runs... Hindu Myths: A Sourcebook Translated from the Sanskrit, Ganges: The Many Pasts of an Indian River, Rabbi on the Ganges: A Jewish-Hindu Encounter, River of Life, River of Death: The Ganges and India's Future, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Apart from the Hugli and the Meghna, the other distributary streams that form the Ganges delta are, in West Bengal, the Jalangi River and, in Bangladesh, the Matabhanga, Bhairab, Kabadak, Garai-Madhumati, and Arial Khan rivers. In-depth Cultural. The general direction of the river’s flow is from northwest to southeast. During winter the river’s flow declines. River Ganges has two source … Rising in the Himalayas and flowing to the Bay of Bengal, the river traverses a course of more than 2,500 km through the plains of north and eastern India. South of Haridwar, now within the state of Uttar Pradesh, the river receives its two principal right-bank tributaries: the Yamuna River, which flows through the Delhi capital region and then roughly parallels the southeastward flow of the Ganges before joining it near Prayagraj (Allahabad), and the Tons, which flows north from the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh state and joins the Ganges just below Prayagraj. It has seen the rise and fall of many empires. There was a problem though, that if Ganga merely dropped from heaven her swirling waters would do untold damage. The Ganges often appears in Hindu mythology as a background location, for example, as a place where the famous figures Atri and Death performed various acts of asceticism. The Ganges-Brahmaputra system has the third greatest average discharge of the world’s rivers, at roughly 1,086,500 cubic feet (30,770 cubic metres) per second; approximately 390,000 cubic feet (11,000 cubic metres) per second is supplied by the Ganges alone. Author of. The rivers in the West Bengal area are sluggish; little water passes down them to the sea. The Ganges flows only 200 km through the Himalayas. West Bengal is the last Indian state that the Ganges enters, and, after it flows into Bangladesh, the Mahananda River joins it from the north. Rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda join each other at Devprayag to form River Ganga. Ganga is also personified as a goddess and worshipped as Goddess Ganga. "Ganges." Ganga river is also the longest river in India which originates from the bottom of the Himalayas. The story given here is the story of how Ganga came to flow on this earth and some other beliefs surrounding it. The Ganga is the most sacred river for the Hindus and is the lifeline of the millions of people living along its course. One day he intended to sacrifice a horse to the gods, but the horse was stolen by Indra and placed in the Underworld. 07 Jan 2021. Here, in one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, there is the Hindu Golden Temple, dedicated to Shiva. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. • Abraham, Wolf-Rainer (2011). Giant open air bas-relief in Mahabalipuram, India. The history of the Ganga river is old as the Indian civilization. The was once a king named Sagar. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda. PMC 2946570. The river Ganga is considered holy by Hindus, the river is symbolised as the goddess Ganga in ancient texts and art. The delta, the seaward prolongation of sediment deposits from the Ganges and Brahmaputra river valleys, is about 220 miles (355 km) along the coast and covers an area of some 23,000 square miles (60,000 square km). The Ganga, unfortunately, is also one of the five most polluted rivers in the world. Gangotri itself is a sacred place for Hindu pilgrimage. Of those, the two main headstreams are the Alaknanda (the longer of the two), which rises about 30 miles (50 km) north of the Himalayan peak of Nanda Devi, and the Bhagirathi, which originates at about 10,000 feet (3,000 metres) above sea level in a subglacial meltwater cave at the base of the Himalayan glacier known as Gangotri. The Ganges is considered a tirtha which means a crossing point between heaven and earth. It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 27 May 2015 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. From time immemorial it has been the holy river … History of Ganga River History of Ganga River, the national river of India, is steeped in mythology and folklore. It is a source of water for millions of people, and an immense septic system that endures millions of gallons of raw sewage. Regarded as sacred by Hindus, the river is personified as the goddess Ganga in ancient texts and art. In certain parts of the delta there occur layers of peat, composed of the remains of forest vegetation and rice plants. The Bhagirathi River is a Himalayan River which flows in Uttarakhand state. It provides water to about 40% of India’s population. Morning prayers along the Ganges River, Varanasi, India. கங்கை பூமிக்கு வந்த வரலாறு | Ganga river history. Spirituality. River Ganga has been originated from the Gomukh cave of the Gangotri glacier. Its length is 205 km and has a basin of 6,921 sq km. The river is, along with two other sites, the location of the extraordinary Kumbha Mela ritual which dates back to at least the 7th century CE. The new deposits of the delta, known in Hindi and Urdu as the khadar, naturally occur in the vicinity of the present channels. From time immemorial it has been the holy river of Hinduism. ^ "The Ganga, especially, is the river of India, beloved of her people, round which are interwined her memories, her hopes and fears, her songs of triumph, her victories and her defeats. In fact, the Ganga basin is the most heavily populated river basin in the world. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Ganga frequently appears in sculpture near temple doors and on decorative relief panels along with her sister river goddess Yamuna. Described in the Mahabharata as the 'best of rivers, born of all the sacred waters', the Ganges is personified as the goddess Ganga. The history of ganga river So much have been already written about the history of the Ganga river.It is the holiest river in India. International Journal of Microbiology. Ganga is the Hindu goddess of the river Ganges. In 1785 the Brahmaputra flowed past the city of Mymensingh; it now flows more than 40 miles (65 km) west of it before joining the Ganges. The descent of the goddess aided by Shiva is another popular scene in art and an outstanding example is the 7th century CE granite relief panel at a cave-shrine at Mamallapuram near Madras. Find the right river cruise for you on Ganges. Web. Created between... Ganga, the Hindu personification of the River Ganges. It is one of the two headstreams of the pious Ganga River. The River Ganges, also known as the Ganga, flows 2,700 km from the Himalaya mountains to the Bay of Bengal in northern India and Bangladesh. In one myth Ganga marries King Sanatanu but the relationship comes to a shattering end when the goddess is discovered to have drowned her own children. Such changes have occurred in comparatively recent times, especially since 1750. Mahatma Gandhi Bridge spanning the broad, slow-moving Ganges (Ganga) River between Patna and Hajipur, Bihar state, India. The Brahmaputra and Ganges river basins and their drainage network. Omissions? The western coastline of the delta, however, has remained practically unchanged since the 18th century. Ghat on the Ganges River, Bithur, Uttar Pradesh, India. Reply. The volume of the Ganges increases markedly as it receives more tributaries and enters a region of heavier rainfall, and it shows a marked seasonal variation in flow. Boat traffic on the Buriganga (“Old Ganges”) River, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 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